Weinberger discusses knowledge and how it is attained have changed over time, particularly with the advent of the internet. He argues the internet has dispersed the power of authority and expertise. Yong on Science, Replication, and Journalism. EconTalk Podcast. Yong was recently entangled in a controversy over the failure of researchers to replicate a highly-cited and influential psychology study.
He discusses the issues behind the failed replication and the problem of replication in general in other fields, arguing that replication is under-appreciated and little rewarded. After a discussion of the incentives facing scientists, the conversation turns to the challenges facing science journalists when work that is peer-reviewed may still not be reliable.
Why Economics Needs Philosophy
May 4, Ed Leamer, of UCLA and author of Macroeconomic Patterns and Stories, talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about how we should use patterns in macroeconomic data and stories about those patterns to improve our understanding of the economy. Leamer argues that economics is not a science, but rather a way of thinking, and that economic models are neither true nor false, but either useful or not useful. He discusses various patterns in the recessions and recoveries in the United States since The conversation closes with a discussion of the reliability of econometric analysis….
Economics is sometimes called catallarchy or catallactics, meaning the science of exchanges. Where did this term first come from? It is with a view to put you on your guard against prejudices thus created, and you will meet probably with many instances of persons influenced by them, that I have stated my objections to the name of Political-Economy.
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It is now, I conceive, too late to think of changing it. Levy and Sandra J. Econlib, January 22, Everyone knows that economics is the dismal science. And almost everyone knows that it was given this description by Thomas Carlyle, who was inspired to coin the phrase by T.
While this story is well-known, it is also wrong, so wrong that it is hard to imagine a story that is farther from the truth. March 3, Manzi on Knowledge, Policy, and Uncontrolled. Jim Manzi, author of Uncontrolled, talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about the reliability of science and the ideas in his book.
This module aims to introduce students to issues in the methodology of economics within the wider context of the philosophy of science; to generate discussion with students about what kind of economics is normally taught, what kind of economics interests them and what kind of economists they want to be. The Module is structured in four parts. We start with a discussion on how economics has been defined and what debates the standard and accepted definition of economics has generated.
The third Part focuses on some recent debates around key themes in economics such as rationality and value judgements.
Finally, the fourth Part will focus on some schools of thought within the economics profession without any claim to be exhaustive but with the aim of giving the students an awareness of different approaches: 1 Rhetoric of Economics which has stressed the role played by rhetoric both in the academic practice and the Great Enrichment of modern societies this approach is sometimes called Humanomics for its reliance on a more holistic vision of the human being , and, related to the previous approach, 2 the Austrian School of economics with its stress on creativity in the market process and methodological subjectivism and individualism.
Pheby, J. A concise and well written introduction to the main topics of the module, though a bit dated. Boumans, M.
Philosophy of Science
Less systematic than Pheby but more updated. Gaus, G. The focus is more on the philosophical than on the economic implications.
Kliemt, H. Reiss, J. Ross, D. Blaug, M. Hausman, D. Cambridge University Press a good analysis of the ethical underpinnings and implications of economic analysis. Caldwell, B. Anna E. In her thesis, she is concerned with the notion of scientific understanding and its relation to other concepts like knowledge, explanation or models, by also taking epistemology and scientific practice into account. Milla Lifke works in philosophy of physics. Her thesis focuses on philosophical aspects of contemporary theories in high energy physics, in particular on the methodology of string theory.
Ping Lin works in history and philosophy of science. His thesis is concerned with the issue of incommensurability and theory dynamics, combining historical case studies, Kuhnian, pre- and post-Kuhnian approaches to philosophy of science, and scientific practice. Dijana Magdinski works in general philosophy of science. The focus of her research are epistemological and ethical issues arising from the debates about the functional role of the priority rule in producing scientific novelty and its apparent detrimental impact on scientific integrity and progress.
Basel Myhub is currently working on identifying successful scientific research heuristics within a DFG funded project on the heuristics of applied research. His broader research interests include history and philosophy of medicine, scientific pluralism, and philosophy of chemistry.
Don Ross, Philosophy of Economics
Anja Pichl works in philosophy of biology and and practical philosophy. Her PhD focuses on limits of biological knowledge in the case of stem cell research, combining philosophy of science debates on limits of reductionism with a Kantian perspective and with an exploration of the role clinical goals play in shaping and limiting stem cell research. Rui F. He tries to understand the interplay between formal methods and informal narratives in model-based reasoning.
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Rose Trappes works in philosophy of biology. The focus of her thesis is biological individuality, combining perspectives from analytic philosophy, continental philosophy and scientific practice.
Philosophy of Economics
Roeland Visser works in philosophy of economics. He investigates the use of economic forecasts in policy decisions, linking the history of economic thought with current debates in philosophy of science. Li-An Yu works on values and science. In his thesis, he articulates and elaborates an axiological framework for understanding and characterizing policy-driven scientific research and science-based policymaking in light of history of science and environmental history.
Milos Arsenijevic University of Belgrade , Oct. Philosophy of Science at Bielefeld University is a key research area in science studies and engages in interdisciplinary cooperation with other disciplines.